Polyarthralgia arthritis is a severe medical condition, causing acute pain in several joints of the body. This ailment may cause discomfort to small or big joints, such as metacarpal or the joints in the knees, respectively. Polyarthralgia arthritis can be caused due to many reasons and may affect different people in different ways.
Many people can develop this ailment due to sports related injuries, on the other hand few can get it because of the another type of arthritis. Similarly the treatment may also different from person to person. Some may get relief with few medicines, where as others may require a surgery to get rid of the constant discomfort. Irrespective of the age, this ailment can affect both men and women, in general.
Main Causes of Polyarthralgia Arthritis
Sports related injury is one of the most significant causes of Polyarthralgia arthritis. Irrespective of the age and sex, this ailment can affect the individual causing severe pain and swelling in the affected area. This ailment is often observed in sportspersons, who get injured while playing their favorite sports, like football or cricket.
Interestingly, Rheumatoid arthritis is one of the important causes of Polyarthralgia arthritis causing pain and inflammation of the joints in the affected area. It hits both men and women, but women between the age group of 40-50 years are more vulnerable to this syndrome. In addition, people bearing the HLA-DR1 gene are prone to get this ailment than those who do have this gene in their bodies.
Viral infections can also cause Polyarthralgia arthritis. The most common viruses known to cause this medical condition include Hepatitis, Human immunodeficiency Virus, Chikangunya infection and alpha viral infections. In addition, there are some bacterial infections too that can cause Polyarthralgia arthritis, which includes subacute bacterial endocarditis.
Reaction to Drugs
Unfortunately, certain drugs used in different therapies can also lead to Polyarthralgia arthritis. When the drugs used to cure another disease do not suit a person, it tends to react with the body to cause different complications. Rifabutin is one of those drugs that cause Polyarthralgia arthritis.
This drug is used to treat tuberculosis, but when this drug is taken in high doses, it can lead to the painful condition of Polyarthralgia arthritis. However, even if this drug is taken in small doses, but consumed with another drug called, clarithromycin, then also the patient remains at a high risk of developing Polyarthralgia arthritis in future.
Gout is one of the potent causes of Polyarthralgia arthritis. This common inflammatory disorder occurs in both men and women. In this metabolic disorder, a lot of uric acid gets accumulated in the blood, causing crystal deposition of the uric acid around different joints. This eventually causes Polyarthralgia arthritis.
Osteoarthritis, one of the most common forms of arthritis is also an important cause of Polyarthralgia arthritis. This syndrome is known to affect more women, mostly during menopause, who are usually in their 40s, as compared to men of the same age group. This is due to the significant lack of calcium in women, when they are nearing or have already reached the menopause stage.
Polyarthralgia arthritis can be caused due to several other existing diseases, such as the Mixed Connective Tissues Disease (MCTD). The MCTD includes medical conditions, like scleroderma and Sjogren’s syndrome, which leads to Polyarthralgia arthritis. In addition, sarcoidosis is also known to cause Polyarthralgia arthritis.