Arthritis can occur at any age. It is a painful disease involving the various joints of the body. Arthritis of the feet causes swelling, pain and tenderness, stiffness and reduced motion. The ankle is the place where the shinbone known as tibia rests on the main bone of the foot known as talus. This joint is called the tibiotalar joint.
When the foot is moved, the two ends of the bones rub against each causing pain and swelling. The cartilage lining the joint deteriorates due to infection, genetic factors, age and an erratic immune system. It is of the utmost importance to treat arthritis from the initial stages to prevent it from progressing further and resulting in loss of movement. The pain can be easily managed at home and you can lead an active and fulfilling life without undertaking surgery.
Ways to Treat Arthritis In Feet
Exercise is the best and easiest way to manage the pain, relieve the swelling and stiffness and increase the mobility of the joint. Place a thick mat or a woolen blanket on the ground. Sit on it, keeping your back straight. Stretch your legs forward in front of you. Keep your legs straight with the heels firmly planted on the mat. Bend the toes of your feet forward and backwards for five minutes. Rest for five minutes then repeat the exercise for another five minutes. Do this exercise every morning and evening.
Mustard oil has many medicinal and healing benefits. It nourishes the bones, muscles and the tissues and prevents the cartilage from further deterioration. Warm some mustard oil.
Massage your foot and ankle gently rubbing in the oil till the skin is thoroughly soaked with it. Massage for at least ten minutes. Wrap your foot with a warm woolen cloth after the massage. Massage daily every morning and at night before going to bed. The swelling and pain will soon diminish and the flexibility of the joint will increase.
You should not walk without an arch support in your shoes. It decreases the painful joint movement by preventing the collapse of the arch. A full length arch support with a semi-rigid high arch works the best. It helps to limit motion and relieves the pain tremendously. An arch support makes walking easier as it relieves the pressure on the painful joint. When walking around the house, use slippers with an arch support.
If you are overweight, your weight puts a lot of pressure on the ankles, feet and the tendons and aggravates the condition. Losing weight means incorporating a lot of fresh fruits and vegetables in your diet and cutting down on animal fat. In addition to this a light water aerobic exercise would be safe and ideal to reduce weight as well as improve the toning of the muscles.
Wrap an ice pack around the feet. See that the ice rests directly on the swollen area. Tie a bandage around the ice pack to secure it to the ankle. Elevate your feet above your chest and rest for fifteen minutes. Ice will diminish the swelling and the discomfort of pain.