Arthritis in the jaw occurs when the joints of your jaw get inflamed owing to a number of causes and this might create too much pain and stiffness. Arthritis can affect any part of your body including the jaws.
This is also termed as temporomandibular condition. There are a lot of causes of arthritis in the jaw, such as jaw injury, grinding, dislocation of joints, clenching and stress.
Causes Of Arthritis In The Jaw
This is major cause of jaw arthritis. Bruxism means grinding the teeth. This usually happens when a person sleeps. He or she might grind his or her teeth without realizing it. This is termed as sleeping bruxism. This would cause a lot of teeth damage and might cause damage to your joints in the jaw. Because of this, the person will feel extreme pain in the jaws in the morning.
Sometimes, you might tend to clench your jaw, while you are tensed with anger or frustration. This might cause extreme pain in the jaw.
This is because the facial muscles and the neck would experience maximum strain at the time of clenching and hence, you might feel fatigue. Often this condition develops into myofascial pain syndrome. This will also trigger headaches, neck pain and sore muscles that will last all throughout the day and night.
Muscle Over Activity
When muscles in your neck and head are overused, you will feel excruciating pain in the joints. This might be due to the teeth clenching, grinding and chewing that takes place every day as a part of your eating habits. Ordinary activities, such as improper jaw posture, chewing your pen, resting your jaw with your hand or sleeping in the wrong posture also result in the arthritis in the jaw. This would trigger various other muscle related issues, such as Myositis – inflammation in the muscles, muscle spasms – stretching of muscles, trismus –hysterical factors and infections, fibromyalgia – the pain in the muscular bands of the jaw and overall pain in all joints of the jaw.
Displaced Jaw Disc
This is one of the most common causes of arthritis in the jaw. The popping or clicking sound would be audible when you suffer from arthritis in the jaw. The displaced jaw disk will not be in a normal location and will not coordinate with the joints. This will cause jaw arthritis; however, there is one exception and that is there will be no pain or inflammation of the joints of the jaw.
Presence of Rheumatoid Arthritis
When you already have rheumatoid arthritis, it might also cause arthritis in your jaws. This is because of your weak immune system and fragile lining in the joints.
If you have some kind of viral infection or bacterial infection in your joints, it might affect the jawbone, which in turn leads to the arthritis condition in your jaws.
Injury On The Head
When an injury is inflicted on your head due to a heavy blow or an accident, it might develop multiple cracks in various parts of the bones present in your head. Sometimes, blood clots in the joints of the jaw would trigger the inflammation.