Bacterial arthritis is also known as septic arthritis or infectious arthritis. In this ailment, there is typically an inflammation of joints that is brought on due to a bacterial infection. Usually this kind of arthritis affects any single large joint in the body, like the hip or knee joint, but it can also affect more than one joints if the infection spreads fast.
The common strains of bacteria that are responsible for causing bacterial arthritis include staphylococcus, streptococcus, and haemophilus influenza. This kind of arthritis can be caused by infection that spreads from other areas of the body, like from an open wound or after a surgical procedure. Young children and elderly people are more susceptible to this disease. Let us look at the bacterial arthritis symptoms in order to diagnose the disease quickly and take necessary medical treatment.
Symptoms Of Bacterial Arthritis
Chills And Fever
People suffering from bacterial arthritis develop a fever with chills. Fevers normally come up in most cases of infection as a fever is usually one of the body’s responses to an infection. This is one of the ways in which the immune system fights off infections. Hence, like other infections even in infectious arthritis this symptom can be seen.
One of the bacterial arthritis symptoms is that a patient cannot move the affected limb. This is because the elasticity and mobility of the joint is affected due to the infection due to which the movement of the limb is restricted.
This symptom is also common in most bacterial and viral infections. This is because the energy of the body is taken up in fighting the infection. Hence, the patient will experience general fatigue and weakness in the body.
The infected joint tends to pain severely and this pain intensifies if the patient moves around. Keeping still, especially keeping the affected limb immobile relieves some of the pain.
The affected joint tends to become swollen because there is an accumulation of fluid in the joint. This kind of accumulation of fluids can be seen in infections of other parts of the body, as well. For instance, when there is an infection of the sinuses, large amounts of mucus accumulates in the sinuses.
If there is an infection in the lungs, it leads to chest congestion and accumulation of fluids in the lungs. Hence, there is a relation between infections and the accumulation of fluids.
Warm To The Touch
The affected joint feels warmer than the rest of the body when you touch. This is because when there is an infection in the joint the blood tends to flow more towards that joint. The blood flow also becomes faster. This increased and faster blood flow in the joint causes the temperature of the joint to be slightly higher than the rest of the body.
If you see any of these bacterial arthritis symptoms or all of them, you should not waste time and immediately consult a doctor. This is because like any other infection, bacterial arthritis can cause serious trouble if not treated on time.