Most of us rush to a doctor when the arthritis pain triggers perhaps because modern science is one of the most reliable ways to treat this condition. Prescribed treatments and over the counter medicines often work as an aid and ease the arthritis symptoms. But with the range of medication available for different type of arthritis pain it can be confusing to decide on the right medication.
The following guide is filled with information about variety of medications available for arthritis. So you can scoop up all the unnecessary treatment and jump up to the one that’s suits your needs.
Types of Arthritis Medications
Anti Inflammatory Drugs
Inflammation starts to deteriorate the cartilage in your bone in the early stages of arthritis. Anti inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen and naproxen relieve burning sensation, pain and swelling caused by inflammation. These oral medicines can be found in pills and soft gels formats in drug stores and can be bought without doctor’s prescriptions.
Common side effects of these drugs are drowsiness, fatigue and dizziness. Some of this medication might increase chances of heart disease. So talk to your doctor to discuss if your heart is healthy enough to take anti inflammatory medicines.
These drugs work as an aid in pain and can be divided into two different categories: Non narcotics analgesics and narcotic analgesics. The majority of the non narcotic analgesics can be bought over the counter at pharmacy stores. But you may need a prescription to buy a narcotic drug.
Acetaminophen and tramadol formulas are the most commonly known non narcotic treatments. While drugs like oxycodone, propoxyphene and codeine are most prescribed analgesic narcotic medications for arthritis. If you are advised a narcotic treatment you might want to discuss other options with your doctor as narcotic treatments are often addictive.
Disease Modifying Anti-Rheumatic Drugs
As the name suggests the DMARD drugs are often prescribed to treat rheumatoid arthritis. This drug affects the immune system and suppresses the production of harmful acids which are responsible for cartilage damage. Some of the popular names of DMARDs include Methotrexate and Hydroxychloroquine.
Biological Response Modifiers
Often used as a combination drug with DMARDs the biological response modifier drugs directly alter your body’s system to treat a disease. Biologics make changes in your gut in order to reduce the quantity of the substance responsible for arthritis pain.
Although, biologics have been proven very effective for treating arthritis pain the side effects attached with it makes it a rare choice. Patients taking biologics are often advised to be hospitalized during the period of the treatment. Common side effects include sever muscle pain, flu like symptoms, diarrhea, nausea, fever and fatigue.
Known as the steroids for arthritis the glucocorticoids are the drugs that treat inflammation. These drugs are popular due to their versatile usage and preparations. They come in all sorts of formats including pills, soft gels, local steroids injections, eye drops and topical lotions and gels.
Also called as corticosteroids these drugs come handy to treat local arthritis symptoms in eyes, bruises and rashes on the face. Moreover the drug can be injected locally to treat inflammation in joints. The drug can be toxic if taken in more than suggested amount so it is wise to limit its usage.