Lyme disease is a bacterial disease which is passed on to human beings by ticks. A bacteria, named Borrelia burgdorferi gets transferred into the blood of the patient when he is bitten by a tick. Ticks are generally found in wooded and grassy areas. Moreover, you are likely to develop this disease if you spend more time in these areas. Not all tick bites cause Lyme disease. In reality, in order to spread the bacteria the tick must remain on your skin for no less than thirty six hours.
If you can observe the symptoms of this illness, you must undergo immediate treatment in order to shun the advanced symptoms of Lyme disease. The symptoms of Lyme disease differ from person to person. Thus, it is not necessary that every person who is suffering from the disease will have the same symptoms. Still it is always better to be familiar with the common symptoms of the disease so that it can be treated in its initial stage.
Significant Symptoms of Lyme Disease
If you are suffering from Lyme disease you may experience flu like symptoms which come and go in association with rashes. These comprise chills, body aches, fever, swollen lymph nodes, headaches and fatigue.
Sometimes a few people may experience only these symptoms without any rashes. The flu like symptoms are similar to the symptoms that you experience during a viral infection and last for a few days or weeks.
Rashes are one of the most prominent and initial symptoms of Lyme disease. These rashes initiate within 3 to 30 days after a tick bite takes place. Slowly and steadily the rashes spread all over the body within a few days. Some rashes are very small and have a size equal to that of a dime, whereas others can achieve a size of approximately 12 inch diameter.
In the beginning the rashes appear as a bunch of small red colored bumps which slowly spread until the bitten zone highlights a red colored ring with a clear center. Rashes are not much excruciating but if you touch them they will give you a warm and tender sensation.
If you do not undergo the treatment of Lyme disease, it can extend widely to the other parts of your body within a couple of days, or weeks.
As a result you may experience severe joint pain or symptoms of arthritis in various parts of body like in your knees and fingers. The pain can be irregular or constant and in general it grows bit by bit and thereafter increasingly deteriorates over the weeks. The joint pain habitually keeps shifting from one joint to the other joint.
Sometimes neurological problems may also arise in people suffering from Lyme disease. These kinds of symptoms include muscle weakness, temporary facial paralysis, pain in feet or hands, numbness, swelling of membranes around your brain. Some other symptoms comprise lack of concentration, memory loss, disturbance in sleep, weakened muscles and mood swings.
If the Lyme disease is left untreated it can result in heart problems. If the disease is diagnosed in its later phase it can lead to chest pain and palpitations (throbbing heartbeat.
Sometimes there may be a development of swelling in heart tissues. Due to severe chest pain and palpitations, your heart may not be able to pump sufficient blood to your body. This, in turn may lead to fainting bouts and light headedness. Lyme disease can be fatal at this phase and can trigger a heart fail.