Yersinia arthritis is a type of arthritis which is caused by the yersinia bacterial infection. This bacterium can affect the colon and misguides the immune system. The affected immune system leads to inflammation of joints. This type of arthritis is also known as reactive arthritis. Yersinia arthritis is a polyarticular inflammation caused by infection due to Yersinia enterocolitica or Y. pseudotuberculosis.
Knees, fingers, ankles, wrists and toes are mostly affected with yersinia arthritis. It is treated with antibiotics and may mimic juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. It can occur for more than one month. Bacteria responsible for causing reactive arthritis can be transmitted either sexually or through contaminated food. Reactive arthritis is not a common disease. It mostly affects the men of the ages between 20 and 40. Following are some of the causes associated with yersinia arthritis.
Top Causes Of Yersinia Arthritis
Affected Immune System
Immune releases some chemicals to fight with the infections. When immune system is affected with the bacterial infection, it fights with the germs. Due to which certain chemicals and debris like fragments of dead germs are released. This debris can get into the bloodstream. It can block some of the parts of the body as well which can trigger joint inflammation.
Gut infection is the cause of yersinia arthritis. Bacterial infection is responsible for causing gut infection. Infection in the gut is also known as gastroenteritis.
Infection in the gut caused by bacteria can cause diarrhoea and vomiting. This infection can be the result of food poisoning. It has been found that one in 100 people who is affected with gut infection can also develop yersinia arthritis.
Viral infection is considered to be of the causes associated with yersinia arthritis. It may trigger the symptoms of yersinia arthritis. Due to infection caused by virus, soreness in throat, skin rashes or cough can occur which can lead to yersinia arthritis.
Even if the viral infection is mild, it can trigger yersinia arthritis. It has been found that patients suffering from HIV can develop yersinia arthritis. Since HIV infection and yersinia arthritis are sexually transmitted diseases, both the conditions are considered to be related to each other.
Urthera is a tube through which urine is passed from the bladder. Infection in urethra can be the cause of yersinia arthritis. It is also known as urethritis which is considered to be one of the common causes associated with yersinia arthritis.
It has been found that one of 100 patients of infection caused due to urethra develops yersinia arthritis. Urethral infection is characterized by discharge from urethra and pain when urine is passed.
Infection caused due to bacteria can result in yersinia arthritis. Chlamydophila pneumonia is one such bacterium which can cause infection of respiratory tract.
This can lead to infection in the lung or cough. The respiratory tract infection may also trigger the symptoms of yersinia arthritis in the patients. In some of the cases, it has been found that one in 10 cases of yersinia arthritis is not triggered by any infection.