Still’s Disease is also known as Systemic-Onset Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis. It is a disorder which leads to inflammation, sore throat, rashes and arthritis. Though it is considered to be common in children but can also occur in adults. In case of adults, it is also simply referred to as Adult Still’s disease. It also leads to high fever and joint pain. If it occurs for longer period of time, it takes the form of chronic arthritis.
It is a rare disease and is found to occur more in women than men. Cause behind this disease has still not been found out well. Swelling, pain and inflammation of joints are considered to be some of the symptoms associated with Adult Onset Still’s Disease. Other than this, abdominal pain, high fever and weight loss can also occur in the patients.
Top Causes of Adult Onset Still’s Disease
Microbial & Viral Infection
It is considered that infection caused due to microbe can be one of the causes that may lead to Adult Onset Still’s Disease. Researchers are still finding out the exact causes. The Adult Onset Still’s Disease can be the result of an infection which is caused because of virus. Since the symptoms of Adult Onset Still’s Disease like high fever and rashes etc. are abrupt, the disease is thought to be caused due to infections caused by pathogens.
In some of the people affected with Adult Onset Still’s Disease, rubella virus has been detected as the virus responsible behind it. Moreover, other viruses have also been found to be associated with the disease of Adult Onset Still’s Disease.
Autoimmune disorder can be one of the causes associated with Adult Onset Still’s Disease. It is also referred to as hypersensitivity.
In this medical condition, body’s own mechanism of fighting against the pathogens or infections gets affected and this disorder in the immune system leads to identifying the body’s own cells as foreign bodies to be attacked.
Some doctors think that it may be a predisposed genetic condition in some people and genetic factor is associated with it. Since it is a disease which happens rarely, researchers are in doubt whether it may not be the result of a genetic reason related to it. There may be a genetic factor responsible for causing this disease.
The cause associated with Adult Onset Still’s Disease is not known but scientists think that exposure to ultraviolet light may result in Adult Onset Still’s Disease.
The disease is very rare as it happens in one in every one lakh people each year and thus there are no known causes related to Adult Onset Still’s Disease.
Causes behind Adult Onset Still’s Disease have not been identified well but scientists as well as researchers have still to find out the reason. They have an idea or doubt regarding some of the things that may be associated with Adult Onset Still’s Disease. These things include toxic materials, stress etc.
Moreover, hormonal factors have also been found to be associated with Adult Onset Still’s Disease as it has been observed that pregnant women are more likely to get affected with the disease that may be associated with some female hormones.