Arthritis is a disease which causes inflammation of the joints resulting in pain and swelling. Many people believe the fact that Arthritis is a disease of the old people. But the truth is that arthritis is a disease which can affect any person and age is not a factor for being attacked by arthritis.
When arthritis affects children under the age of 16, it is called Juvenile arthritis. Today, a large number of children are affected by arthritis of one form or the other. Juvenile Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, a systemic autoimmune disease can affect any part of the body. Like the other autoimmune diseases, in this one too, the immune system attacks the cells and tissues of the body.
This can lead to the damage of tissue and inflammation. The word Lupus in Latin means wolf. During the 18th century, lupus was recognized as a disease which was caused by the wolf’s bite. This is because of the rashes created as a result of this disease.
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus usually harms the lungs, heart, skin, blood vessels, joints, nervous system and kidneys of the person. This disease often comes and goes without any reason. There is no course of time for it. The Symptoms of Juvenile Systemic Lupus Erythematosus are given below:
Signs & Symptoms of Juvenile Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Juvenile Systemic Lupus Erythematosus are known as imitators because the disease often shows the symptoms of other diseases with butterfly like rashes on the skin. Sometimes, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus can affect the skin with red scaly patches known as discoid lupus. Tiny tears around the eyes will come as a result of even slight rubbing.
Wrists and the joints of the hand are usually affected in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. It has been found that 90% of the children affected by SLA experience joint or muscle pain during the course of their illness, though children do not mention about the pain during movement.
The peculiarity of lupus arthritis is that it is less disabling and it does not cause severe damage or destruction to the joints. In some cases, children affected with SLE will develop deformities of the hand and feet.
Developing Anemia in 50% of Juvenile Systemic Lupus Erythematosus cases is due to the low white blood cell and platelet count. Tiredness can make the child weak and unhealthy.
Inflammation in the parts of the heart like Pericarditis, endocarditis and myocartis is common in those affected with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. Inflammation of the parts of the heart can cause in chest pain.
Other Symptoms of SLE
The other symptoms of Juvenile Systemic Lupus Erythematosus are Loss of appetite and weight loss, Fever over 100 degree F, Hair loss or brittle hair, ulcers in the mouth, ulcers in the nose and change in color of the fingers when in stress or exposed to cold.
Children with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus are more prone to have problems with organs like kidneys and brain. If the child is affected with SLE, and if his organs are affected, then you can find it out by checking the urine. Urine will turn dark in color. Swelling in the legs, eyelids and feet can be found. The child will experience chest pain, shortness of breath, headaches, memory problems and seizures.
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