Arthritis of the hip generally indicates osteoarthritis of the hip joint. It is a progressive disorder. Hip arthritis is frequently found in elderly people. Individuals having excess weight are commonly affected by this form of arthritis. Common symptoms include pain while performing different activities, stiffness of the hip, limited range of motion and so on.
Hip arthritis may be caused by different factors. Some of the causes are discussed below.
Causes of Hip Arthritis
Age and Injury
Age can be considered as one of the primary causes of hip arthritis. With the passage of time, joints begin to wear out. The arthritis resulting from wear and tear of the joint is also known as osteoarthritis. It is important to note that osteoarthritis of the hip can result from an injury. A fracture in the bones around or in the hip can result in a change in the alignment of the hip. This change may cause excessive wear and tear.
Decrease in the supply of blood to the hip joint can result in a condition known as avascular necrosis. Avascular Necrosis is another cause of hip arthritis. This kind of a situation may result from prior hip dislocations, excessive intake of alcohol and fractures. It is important to note that necrosis generally occurs in the femoral head of the hip. Continuous fall in the supply of blood results in the degeneration of the bone and cartilage surfaces.
It is interesting to note that arthritis caused by an infection is frequently referred to as septic arthritis. A fluid known as exudate is produced by the microorganisms that settle in the hip joint. Continuous production of this fluid (pus) by the bacteria fills the joint space and exerts pressure against the joint articular cartilage.
An individual is at a higher risk of developing hip arthritis if proper treatment is not obtained for this infection within a reasonable period of time. It is essential to note that arthritis from an infection can occur at any age.
Another common cause of hip arthritis is obesity. Excess weight results in more stress on the hyaline cartilage. This pressure can result in degeneration and destruction of the articular cartilage and thereby cause arthritis.
Hip dysplasia is also known as congenital dysplasia of the hip. This disorder can result in a malformed hip joint. If not treated in time, hip dysplasia can result in hip arthritis and pain. It is considered as one of the factors causing osteoarthritis of the hip.
It is important to note that certain types of diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis can affect any joint in the body. A systemic disease results in an inflammation of the synovium which may destroy the cartilage and cause arthritis.
Chondrolysis is a rare hip condition. It can result in the deterioration of the hip joint cartilage in the absence of proper treatment. Therefore, chondrolysis can be considered as one of the causes of hip arthritis. It can also result in hip pain and joint stiffness.