Diagnosis of the ankylosing spondylitis is quite difficult and the worst part is its capability to transform the inflammatory condition to physical deformity, disability and decreased quality of life. This disease can also cause ossification and calcification of the ligaments surrounding the affected joints.
Gradually it will lead to complete fusion and immobility of the affected joints. In this case, it is the pelvis and the spine as they are the most vulnerable targets when it comes to ankylosing spondylitis. However, there are many patients who remain productive and active even after the appearance of severe symptoms. Exercise plays an important role in successful management of this disease in the long term. In this post, we are going to talk about certain physical exercises and therapies that are going to help you alleviate the symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis.
Best Physical Therapy and Exercise for Ankylosing Spondylitis
Joint immobility is the most obvious consequence of a progressive ankylosing spondylitis. If you want to maintain proper functional ranges of motion, you should perform regular stretching that involves your hips, spine and other joints. In 2006, a journal called ‘Physical Therapy’ published a study that was conducted with ankylosing spondylitis patients.
They were engaged in a 3 month exercise course and it was observed that the patients who participated in the stretching exercises showed improvement in spinal flexibility as compared to the inactive group who did not perform any exercises.
There are certain effective home based breathing exercise programs that can help you increase your chest expansion in less than 6 weeks. This finding was confirmed by a study that was published in 2009 in the Journal of Clinical Rheumatology. The objective of the study was to show how low cost techniques can help in reducing the symptoms of a serious and potential complication.
Loss of mobility in rib cage and spine may hamper normal respiration. The linked effects of the respiratory problems include infections, decreased life expectancy and loss of activity tolerance. Hence, deep breathing exercises are necessary for patients with ankylosing spondylitis.
In order to prevent the cardio-respiratory effects of the ankylosing spondylitis, you can perform aerobic exercises regularly. This type of exercises involves multiple joints and engages them in repetitive mobilization. The intensity of the exercises leads to chest expanding effects stimulated by heavy breathing.
Proper functioning of the pulmonary activities and improvement in figures indicating quality of life in ankylosing spondylitis patients can be achieved through conventional exercises like walking and swimming. In July 2009, this finding was published in the European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine.
If you observe carefully, you will notice that most of the daily activities are executed in a flexed posture. While sitting at your computer, you will certainly find yourself hunching over the keyboard. Advanced ankylosing spondylitis causes rigidity in this flexed posture and you will not be able to regain mobility or return to normal posture easily. However, there are certain resistive exercises that may help in mitigating the advancement in postural deformity due to this disease.