5 Most Common Causes Of Viral Arthritis

Most Common Causes Of Viral Arthritis

Viral arthritis a type of arthritis triggered by viral infection in the body can cause severe pain. Viral arthritis has certain risk factors which also combine with the causes of this disease. If a patient is suffering from existing joint problems like osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout or lupus, he/she too can be susceptible to viral arthritis.

Hence, taking medicines for rheumatoid arthritis causes a spike in this disease as they suppress the immune system. Bacteria can constantly attack your body if your skin breaks and heals poorly or at a slow rate and cause viral arthritis. However, the primary causes are:

Causes Of Viral Arthritis

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B infection can cause an inflammation of the liver and it results in a severe form of arthritis which affects the joints on both the sides of the body. Right from your hands, wrists, knees, ankles, elbows, shoulders and other large joints are also affected. This form of arthritis manifests itself before the yellowness or the hepatitis of the jaundice. And it can last for a longer period, even after the patient has recuperated. Often patients with chronic arthritis face this disease in bouts.

Hepatitis B

Weak Immune System

The immunity that the body gets from the antibodies will break down if the immune system of the body is weak. This weak immune system will make the body fall prey to infections of all kinds. In this state, the body is unable to defend itself.

Weak Immune System

The drugs taken for diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, kidney and liver problems suppress the immune system and cause the heightened risk of infections which lead to viral arthritis or as it is also known as septic arthritis.


It is a highly contagious viral disease that causes joint pain in patients, especially women. The pain starts right after the characteristic rash that appears with this disease. The rubella causes stiff joints but they are not inflamed, especially those in the hands, knees, ankles and elbows. The vaccine which is administered may also cause joint stiffness and pain. Occurring within two weeks after the vaccine, it can last for a period of about a week to almost a year.

Rubella Arthritis


By now, we all know that HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. Initially, when patients contract this virus they show flu-like symptoms along with severe joint pain. This joint pain can be manifested mostly in the shoulders, elbows and knees.

Joint Pain

Some cases of HIV also lead to other forms of arthritis and sometimes it becomes difficult to ascertain whether the arthritis is caused because of the HIV virus or it manifests itself separately. The severe joint pain experienced by HIV infected patients can result in viral arthritis.

Parvovirus B-19

Known to cause the disease called the fifth illness, Parvovirus B-19, causes rashes on the face and the body of the infected person. This virus is so common that most adults are known to have contracted it at some point in their lives. Children who suffer from fifth disease complain of joint pains but in adults, it presents itself as sore joints. This virus generally targets the joints of the foot, hand, knee, wrists, etc. The pain can last from two weeks to ten long years.

Parvovirus B-19

From this comprehensive study of the causes of viral arthritis, we can understand that most of these causes are the viruses that attack our body when the immunity level of the body goes down.