The reduction of the size of the open spaces present in the spine is known as spinal stenosis. The contraction of the spaces in the spine might create pressure and stress on the spine as well as on the nerves that originate and pass through the spine.
Spinal stenosis very frequently is seen in the lower back region and in the neck region. There are no signs and symptoms observed in some people while in some people symptoms like muscle weakness, numbness, pain, and problems regarding bowel and bladder functioning are seen.
Causes Of Spinal Stenosis
The spinal canal is small in some people by birth while in some people spinal stenosis results when any injury occurs to decrease the space present in the spine. Some of the causes of spinal stenosis are mentioned underneath.
The spinal bone worn out will trigger the development of bone spurs that might develop further into spinal canal. The disease that affects adults to stimulate the bone overgrowth in the spine is called as Paget’s disease.
The cushions that are soft and act as shock absorbers present between the vertebrae become dry gradually with age or any other injury.
If there are any pops present in the external part of the disk, the inner soft material might come out. This will allow the vertebrae to press the nerves in the spine.
The muscles that help the spine bones to exist together will become thick and stiff as time passes. They sometimes can swell and extend deeply into the spinal canal.
There are some unusual growths that are observed in the spinal cord, in the membranes that passes in the spinal cord and in the region between the vertebrae and spinal cord. These tumors might initiate spinal stenosis.
Injuries In The Spine
Any major injuries that might have occurred during car accidents or any major accident can create fractures or dislocation of vertebrae.
The spinal canal will be disturbed by the bone that is moved by a fracture in the spine. If there was surgery in the back and if the surrounding tissue swells after the surgery, then it can create stress on the spinal nerves and spinal cord.
As the age advances, the ligaments of the body will get thickened and enhances the growth of bone spurs into the spinal canal. Along with age, the soft discs between the vertebrae will get destroyed and the facet joints will also get thickened.
By birth the spinal canal will exist as very small and in this situation, the spinal stenosis will result in very young age. The deformities due to genetic reasons might cause reduction of the canal in the spine.
Spinal stenosis might result if there is excess of fluoride content in the body. The excessive fluoride content will result due to certain factors like continuous consumption of water consisting of fluorides, inhaling the gases and dust released by the industries consisting of fluorides and ingestion of insecticides that consist of fluorides. Excess of fluorides in the body will lead to the calcification of ligaments in the spine as well as calcification of softened bones. The calcification will also lead to the damaging condition like spinal stenosis.