Gout can be regarded as a complex disease and it is a kind of arthritis which attacks in the form of severe joint pain accompanied by swelling of the affected area. It is usually a result of the build-up of uric acid crystals which cause inflammation of the joints. No specific cause can be attributed to gout attacks and it is usually an amalgamation of several factors which combine together to cause the disease.
Gout is most commonly caused by the high level of uric acid in the blood which occurs as a result of genetic set up or the lifestyle followed by the patient.
Common Causes Of Gout
One of the primary reasons for gout attacks can be observed through the dietary pattern exercised by the patient. This is strongly related to the food habit of the sufferer and can be triggered by the indiscriminate consumption of alcohol, seafood and red meat. This causes a possible protein imbalance which, over time can result in gout. The amount of purines in certain foods is higher than the safe level and this creates uric acid. This acid can crystallize and get accumulated in the body joints and result in a painful situation of gout.
Obesity can be regarded as one of the foremost causes of gout and a significant percentage of gout patients are obese or have a condition of severe obesity.
Gout occurs as tissues are broken down into uric acid and the increased availability of tissue during obesity intensifies and enhances the process of creating uric acid which gets crystallized in the joints over a period of time. The stress on joints is increased because of obesity which further intensifies the pain and the inflammation of gout.
Gout is often caused due to the deficiency of potassium in the body of the patient and gradually it becomes a severe problem to be reckoned with. Potassium loss in the body can occur as a result of a surgery, chemotherapy treatments or because of lead poisoning. Gout can attack in case of rapid loss of weight which leads to severe potassium deficiency in the body. As a result of the loss of potassium, the uric acid level in the blood shoots up and this can induce a gout attack.
High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure can be a cause for the development of gout, if left untreated for a long period of time. This reduces the uric acid production from levels necessary and this becomes a viable cause for triggering gout.
High blood pressure results in decreased renal excretion of the urates and this makes the urates stay within the body and develop crystals in the joints over a span of time. High blood pressure also causes gout through reduced renal blood flow, thereby leading to high urate condition.
Gout is a single disease, but its causes are many. Although there are many causes which contribute to gout, nothing is more severe and sinister as uric acid accumulation. It can generate severe gout attacks and may even persist for several years.