Tendonitis means inflammation of tendons which attach muscles to bone. It is often a consequence of repetitive stress injury. However, trauma and accidents may also cause bicipital tendonitis. It can also be a result of wear and tear. Degeneration of bone caused by nutritional deficiencies can also lead to bicipital tendonitis. Poor posture and improper lifting techniques can also cause bicipital tendonitis.
Other causes include calcifications and osteoarthritis. The severity of tendonitis depends on medical condition affecting biceps tendon. Let us try to understand more about important causes of bicipital tendonitis.
Main Causes of Bicipital Tendonitis
As stated above, any kind of external trauma to biceps and shoulder region can cause inflammation of biceps tendon. This is one of the direct causes of tendonitis. Trauma can include motor vehicle accidents or injury at work place. This is relatively more common in extreme sports. Ice skating, cycling, and motorcycle racing are some of the sports that can cause significant damage to bicipital tendon during accidents. Mild to moderate tendonitis caused by trauma often abates on its own.
Repetitive Stress Injury (RSI)
This type of injury is commonly seen in sports that require repetitive movement of hands. Golfers, tennis players, and cricketers experience bicipital tendonitis caused by repetitive stress injury. Our muscles and tendons need to relax intermittently.
Excessive pressure and forceful repetitive motion leads to friction and restless tendons. This causes inflammation and swelling near tendons. The severity of bicipital tendonitis associated with these activities depends upon degree of damage caused to the tendons. RSI can also lead to wear and tear of tendons due to overuse.
This is one of the major reasons for bicipital tendonitis in the 21st century. A great majority of professionals around the world suffer from tendonitis due to wrong posture and improper ergonomics. The alignment of desk, table, and keyboard is often improper. This can cause tendonitis over a period of time. Shrugged shoulders increase tension and pressure on bicipital tendons causing significant inflammation and pain. It is wise to align desk and table in a position that does not shrug shoulders while you work.
It is very common for old aged individuals to suffer from musculoskeletal problems. This is primarily caused by wear and tear. Body’s natural processes become weak during old age. Osteoporosis and calcium deficiency can cause significant damage to bicipital tendons. Weak healing processes means the body is unable to heal on its own.
Even small repetitive tasks can cause pain due to swelling of bicipital tendons. Lifting heaving objects and performing daily chores can cause mild to moderate inflammation of the tendons, especially in individuals who have a history of repetitive stress injuries.
Different types of disease conditions are also associated with bicipital tendonitis. Osteoarthritis is a very common medical condition which can affect bicipital tendon and cause swelling and inflammation. Hardening of joints caused by rheumatoid arthritis can also cause swelling of bicipital tendons.
Other disease conditions that affect biceps tendons are rotator cuff tear and impingement syndrome. Both of these medical conditions can cause significant swelling and pain near shoulder region. Various other joint and musculoskeletal conditions are known to cause bicipital tendonitis.
The main cause for bicipital tendonitis is overuse of upper extremities. The above-mentioned causes play a critical role in the development of bicipital tendonitis. Proper understanding of these causes helps in controlling this medical condition effectively.