Lower back pain is a common problem. Many of us would have experienced it in some part of our lives. Lower back pain is of two types; acute and chronic. It can occur due to many reasons, most common ones of which are, incorrect standing, sitting, lying positions and due to too much load on the back.
Other reasons that can cause strain in back include any underlying disease such as spondylitis, fibromyalgia, osteoarthritis and osteoporosis. Back pain can result in reduced flexibility, reduced ability to perform work effectively, pain during standing or walking, pain when lying down. Hence, treatment of lower back pain becomes necessary.
Tips to Treat Lower Back Pain
Lower back pain can be treated by simple changes in daily habits unless it is not a consequence of any disease. There are certain medications, exercises, massages and other therapies that can provide relief from this torturous pain. Some of the methods regarding ‘how to treat lower back pain’ are given as follows.
Massage therapies are widely used to treat a number of health problems because massages tend to improve blood circulation and relief stress. Massages are also effective in relieving muscle strain. People who receive massage therapy for back pain are known to take medications very less often and are reported to have an improved functionality as well.
Acupuncture is a method of traditional Chinese medicine. It involves placing of thin needles on specific parts of the body.Acupuncture is used to treat many health conditions but primarily it is used to relieve pain. This technique is believed to activate body’s natural pain killers that may also aid in eliminating back pain.
There are two things regarding bed rest to treat lower back pain. Firstly, getting an adequate amount of bed rest for like 1 to 2 days or as much your doctor has advised you will help in relieving back pain. Whereas at the same time, too much of bed rest and lack of physical activity will affect the muscles of your back that need to be strengthened, can cause loss in muscle tone, can cause blood clots in legs and hence, can worsen the conditions.
Your Spinal Positions
Incorrect position of the spine while standing, sitting or lying can also ignite back pain. So it is necessary to adopt proper positions of the back. Keep your head, neck and spine in a correct alignment when you stand or sit. Do not keep your spine in a bent position. Also check whether your mattress is in a good condition so that when you sleep, your spine rests properly on the bed.
NSAID drugs such as Ibuprofen and naproxen are effective pain relievers. A non-NSAID drug, Tylenol is also effective in reducing back pain. Anti-inflammatory treatment for back pain relief can also be obtained in the form of topical creams.
The corticosteroid drugs can also help reduce inflammation and thus, aids in reducing lower back pain. Oral corticosteroids are powerful anti-inflammatories and are considered to be very effective in treating lower back pain.
Medicines such as oxycodone, hydrocodone, codeine and morphine are used for short-time period to treat acute and chronic type of back pain.
Chronic back pain can be a result of depression. Hence, anti-depressant drugs such as desipramine and amitriptyline may be helpful in treating chronic back pain. These medicines help elevate mood and dull the pain signals.