Gout is a kind of arthritis and sometimes it is also called as gouty arthritis. Both humans and animals are affected by this disease. They experience pain in the joints, which is characteristic of this ailment. Gout that occurs in birds is referred to as avian gout. This is also related to arthritis and the main reason for its occurrence is because of the metabolic disorder, where the uric acid level in the body is higher than normal.
A bird’s body should have a certain level of uric acid, if the limit exceeds, which is usually due to their inappropriate diet, it forms precipitated crystals in the joints causing gout.
Treatment for Avian Gout
Foods that consist of high quantity of protein, salt, sodium bicarbonate, vitamin D3 and calcium must be avoided as such foods form excess uric acid that can damage joints, wings, kidney and other body tissues.
As a bird’s body requires these nutrients for its healthy survival it cannot be completely eliminated from their meals. Hence, regular meals must be high in phosphorus and with reasonably low quantity of these nutrients.
Low protein foods for the avian species are easily obtainable in the market. They help in reducing the uric acid level in the body and also help to bring back the metabolic system to normal. However, fresh food is healthier for birds, so try to include more of such foods.
This is also an important aspect that must be taken care while continuing the treatment for the bird with gout. A considerable quantity of water is extremely necessary. Make sure that the birds drink soft water and it should not contain higher amounts of minerals in it.
During viral immunization and in other treatment methods, a crucial examination of medicine is vital, as antibiotics such as sulfonamides, gentamycin etc. cause gout. In addition, birds are sometimes affected due to disinfectant sprays as well. Therefore, you need to examine such sprays carefully.
Preparations such as lithium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate and atophan can be used to lessen the level of uric acid in the body and also ease other signs of this disease. The dosage will differ depending on the bird’s size. You can contact your veterinarian for the right proportion.
Lack of Vitamin A is another reason for gout. Therefore, you need to check the amount of Vitamin A present in the bird food that you are presently using to feed the bird. This is mentioned under the nutrition facts column. Vitamin A is required in a considerable amount, as it maintains the filtration mechanism of their kidney in a proper manner.
It is important to avoid the foods that have vitamin D, as it is dangerous for the bird’s health. The birds can get their daily requirement of the vitamin through sunlight.
Sunlight is an excellent source and moreover, if the birds get the vitamin directly from the natural source, they will not only get the adequate and the right amount of the Vitamin, but it will keep the birds active as well. Therefore, it is important to keep them in sunlight every day.
You can give urine acidifiers to the affected bird in water or feed. Some of the urine acidifiers are:
One gram of potassium chloride added to one liter of water and given to the bird for 24 hours, one or two ml of vinegar is added to one liter of water and given for 24 hours. Besides this, make sure to give sufficient amount of Vitamin A, B, D3 and K.