Sarcoid Arthritis is an inflammatory disease that can affect any organ of the body. It mainly starts from the lungs and the lymph nodes. The hallmark of this disease is granuloma formation in the affected tissues. Granulomas are the reaction to a chronic inflammation that develops as a result of accumulation of macrophages around a harmful organism.
Granulomas occur in the cases of chronic inflammation when these immune cells gather around a foreign body which is difficult to eliminate.
Tips to Diagnose Sarcoid arthritis
Erythema nodosum is a type of inflammatory lesion that occurs underneath the skin, in the fatty cells. It is a symptom of sarcoidosis which can occur in the area behind the knees and on the front of the leg (shin). This inflammatory lesion can make the joint very painful, swollen and red. Hence, swollen and painful joints are a symptom of sarcoidosis which is termed as sarcoid arthritis.
There are many forms of arthritis and making the correct diagnosis of any one type requires the correct recognition of symptoms and as well as certain physical examinations and lab tests. Your answer to ‘how to diagnose sarcoid arthritis’ is given in the following content of this article.
Diagnosis by the means of symptoms for sarcoid arthritis cannot be made perfectly as these symptoms may appear in other inflammatory diseases as well. However, following are given some other methods to diagnose sarcoid arthritis correctly.
The doctor will take the patient’s medical history as the first part of ‘how to diagnose sarcoid arthritis’.
Due to inflammation, infiltration in lungs may be discovered when a chest x-ray is taken. Large swollen lymph nodes around the lungs and its adjacent structures can also show up in a chest x-ray of a sarcoidosis patient.
In order to diagnose sarcoid arthritis, certain pulmonary tests are asked to be performed by the patient. These breathing tests will determine the state of the patient’s lungs such as the lung volume and lung compliance.
A special kind of blood test known as Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) is carried out to diagnose sarcoid arthritis.
As the eyes are also affected in this disease, hence an ophthalmologist may be required to examine the eyes so as to diagnose sarcoidosis correctly.
Diagnosis By the Means of Symptoms
Lung Related Symptoms
As mentioned, lungs are more likely to be affected than any other organ in sarcoidosis. Hence, affected lungs produce symptoms such as shortness of breath, dry cough that won’t go away and chest pain.
Skin Related Symptoms
Reddish and tender bumps or patches may appear on the affected skin as a result of granulomas.
As already mentioned, it is also a type of skin reaction that affects the joints of ankles and knees, if it develops there. People having sarcoidosis are likely to develop sarcoid arthritis.
Eye Related Symptoms
This inflammatory disease doesn’t spare the eyes. The iris of the eyes of an affected person may get inflamed. Due to this, the person can develop a blurred vision, pain, redness in eyes; and sensitivity to light. Some other symptoms for the diagnosis of sarcoid arthritis can be onset of fever, weight loss and fatigue.