Arthritis is one of the most chronic ailments that cause pain and stiffness in the joints and bones of the body. It can affect different body parts including hands and wrists. This condition develops due to the wear and tear of the cartilage that protects the ends of the bones.
The condition of hands and wrists deteriorates over a considerable period of time, if it is left untreated. However, different treatments can improve and slow down the arthritis of the hands and wrists.
Different Treatments And Their Functions On Hand And Wrist Arthritis
Aquatic therapy is an effective way of treating arthritis of the hands and wrists. This therapy is given to an arthritis patient in a pool. Generally, these pools have warm water, comparatively warmer than other pools in different recreational centers. The aquatic therapies offer extreme comfort and flexibility to the stiff body joints. In these warm pools, the water exerts pressure on the hands that help reduce the swelling of the joints in the hands and wrists. In addition, the high temperature of the water helps improve the motion of the body.
Different medicines available over the counter drug stores can also help treat arthritis of the hands and wrists. Some of the most effective medicines include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs, analgesics, counterirritants and disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs or DMARDs.
NSAIDs can help reduce the pain as well as the joint inflammation. Analgesics can give relief from the severe arthritis pain but does not reduce the inflammation. Disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs slow down or prevent the immune system from attacking the joints of the body.
There are many alternative treatments such as chiropractic care and acupuncture that help treat arthritis of the hand and wrist. In acupuncture, the experts use tiny needles on the acupuncture spots to help relieve the pain and inflammation caused by osteoarthritis. Chiropractic care helps relieve the stress from the nervous system that relaxes and heals the body.
Occupational therapy is yet another commonly used effective treatment for hand and wrist arthritis. It includes paraffin bath for hands and wrists, in which the affected hand is dipped into the warm wax. The high temperatures of the paraffin wax increase the supply of the blood to the affected hands and wrists that heals the arthritis conditions.
When most ways of treatment do not work, doctors suggest surgery to people with diabetes. Depending on the condition and severity of the arthritis, you may need to go for tendon transfer, joint implants or wrist fusion.
The tendon transfers help improve the strength and movement of hand and wrist. In joint implants, implants made of silicone based material are used when the affected joints are extremely degenerated and movement becomes difficult. Wrist fusion is yet another important type of wrist surgery in which the small wrist bones are removed and the wrist joint is made stiff permanently. Doctors fuse the wrist in such a way that gives maximum comfort and movement to the wrist.