Irrespective of our occupation or age hands, fingers, elbows and wrists are continuously working, in some or the other forms in our day to day lives. But, there are instances when one feel sudden pain in the hand. As the functions of hand are varied, even the causes are also varied in numbers.
There are a number of problems that could interfere with daily hand movements and these conditions can be easily diagnosed and treated to improve the condition and get relief from hand pain.
Some Of The Common Problems Causing Pain In Hands
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
The most common disorder of the nerves, resulting in pain in the forearm, wrist, palm and fingers of the hand, is known as Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. Around 4 to 10 million of Americans are known to suffer from this form of hand pain. The pain occurs more severely at night, causing tingling, numbness and weakness in the hands, making it harder to grip objects. The condition happens when swelling pressurizes the median nerve.
De Quervain’s Tendinitis
Hand pain occurring on thumb portion of the wrist is called as de Quervain’s tendinitis or tendinosis. The hand pain occurs slowly and suddenly, travelling through the thumb length up to the forearm.
Hand movements are difficult while turning the wrist, holding objects and forming a fist. It is caused by the swelling of tendons of the wrist, present at the base of the thumb. Overuse and repetitive actions involving wrist are the factors responsible for developing this condition.
Swelling and irritation of the tunnel, surrounding the tendons of thumb leads to wrist tendinitis. This is more common in women between age group of 30 to 50 years. Hand pain occurs majorily on pinching or grasping objects and gets severe, if thumb is tucked towards the last finger, while making a fist.
Cysts formation in the backside of the hand in form of lumps or mass is also the cause of hand pain, and is referred as ganglion cysts. The fluid filled cysts originate within the tendon sheaths, joint linings or ligaments, on getting irritated or inflamed.
Cubital Tunnel Syndrome
Unlike, carpal tunnel, the compression in cubital tunnel syndrome is over the nerve at the elbow region. This nerve is also associated with tingling or numbness of the little finger, causing weak grip formation and even pain during elbow bending. It is recently also referred as Cellphone elbow.
Stenosing Tenosynovitis (trigger finger)
In trigger finger or stenosing tenosynovitis, the thumb or fingers get lock into a bent form, resulting in hand pain during straightening or bending of affected thumb or finger.
This occurs when flexor tendon responsible for controlling thumb and finger motion, gets irritated or inflamed, resulting them to thicken within the sheath.
An abnormal thickening of the tissue beneath the palm skin (fascia) is known as dupuytren’s disease. The condition happens when the lumps are formed initially in the palms, developing as firm cords beneath the palm skin and then stretching further from palms to fingers, resulting in bending of fingers into the palm.
Knowing the root cause of the hand pain, will help one to treat it properly, by curing or preventing the governing factors, thereby making one relieved from the routine hand pains.