Hemarthrosis is caused due to a disease named hemophilia in which a person’s blood does not clot normally which eventually leads to bleeding in the joint areas of the body. It can be caused due to trauma, as a result of which there may be extravasation of blood into the joints. This disease is taken to be hereditary in nature.
The person may also experience hemarthrosis during an injury or a deep cut that may result in bleeding in the joints. There can be a whole array of causes which might trigger hemarthrosis with trauma, tumorous and bleeding disorders being the most significant causes.
Important Causes Of Hemarthrosis
Tumors can also prove to be a cause of hemarthrosis. They can eventually lead to hemarthrosis if they are located too close to a joint. The tumor can bleed as a part of its own outfit and this may enhance bleeding in the joint. The type of tumor will also determine whether or not hemarthrosis is initiated. Tumors usually have compositions which affect the surrounding tissues adversely and this may also lead to excessive bleeding in the joint area, thereby causing hemarthrosis.
Hemathrosis is generally a problem caused due to the lack of proper thickness of blood. Therefore certain medications, especially those functioning as blood thinners may lead to the problem of hemarthrosis and complicate it.
Such medicines aim at preventing the clotting of blood which further increases the risk of hemarthrosis manifold, even with a minor injury. As a result of such medication, the blood fails to clot when the body receives an injury. This is more pronounced if the injury occurs in the joint areas.
Another cause for hemarthrosis can be scurvy. Scurvy is caused due to an acute deficiency of Vitamin C and this disorder makes the person more liable to bleeding, which can subsequently lead to hemarthrosis. Vitamin C is required by the human body as it is essential for iron absorption, strong blood vessels and healing wounds. It is also important for creation of the red blood cells. Scurvy impedes this process and can initiate hemarthrosis by preventing adequate clotting capacity of the blood.
Nerve disorders can also lead to hemarthrosis. Certain nerve disorders result in the numbing sensation due to which people are unable to feel their joints as a result of which they tend to apply more pressure on the area as they cannot feel the joints.
This application of force results in the development of hemarthrosis. Nerve diseases for instance syphilis or diabetes can also lead to hemarthrosis. In fact, lesions and weakness in the nerves on account of some nerve ailment may also lead to excessive bleeding and cause hemarthrosis.
Hemarthrosis is known to have been caused by genetic mutations in the patients which were triggered in a hereditary sequence. It can be caused when one of the genes of the body, responsible for deciding how the body makes blood clotting factors VIII and IX fails. This gene mutation takes place from one generation to the other making people suffer from hemarthrosis. The individual might not necessarily suffer from the disease but can pass on the defective gene to his descendants who may then contract the disease.
Hemarthrosis is regarded to be a serious disease and it has many causes. It is a much feared situation which can be an inherited problem or can be contracted later in life.