Finger swelling and pain can be the result of edema (retention of excess fluid) or an injury to the fingers that may affect any integral part of the finger like muscles, tendons, connective tissues, tendons, bones or blood vessels. Edema can result from conditions like lymphatic complications, kidney issues, congestive heart failure or use of certain medications.
Injuries like dislocations, bruises or fractures can all result in swollen and painful fingers. Pain and swollen fingers can be the classical symptom of rheumatoid arthritis disease that can be easily managed with proper treatment including cortisone injections. For major other causes of swelling finger and pain, the symptoms can be managed without medications too.
Effective Ways To Cure Finger Swelling And Pain
Performing finger exercises helps in pumping out excess fluid from the fingers back to the heart. Exercising enhances blood flow to swollen areas, stimulating the pressure to expel off excess fluid. Exercise can include simple forms like typing keyboard, flexing fingers to get dressed up and serving breakfast.
All possible simple movements of fingers serve the purpose of reducing swelling and pain. For those, who may not be able to perform traditional exercises, should go for quick walks of 15 minutes, once in a day as it improves blood circulation in the entire body. While walking, swing hands up and down to promote circulation till finger levels.
Elevating Fingers Above Heart Level
Raising swollen fingers above the heart for 30 minutes for 4 times a day aids in treating water retention. While sleeping too, one must raise the hands above heart level. Additionally, one can raise hands above the head and interlock them, bringing the hands behind the head and then move the head back creating resistance over fingers. Release locked fingers after 30 seconds, shake and then repeat again for a number of times. For those with lymphatic troubles, need to exercise more frequently, drink more water and include diet rich in protein, vegetables and fruits to enable lymphatic system to regain its full potential.
Rub the swollen fingers with firm and strong rubbing motions to stimulate muscle activity as well as blood flow to the fingers. Make use of a hand massager by making use of forefinger on one hand and thumb of the other hand. Now run the forefinger and thumb from the palm base to end of that finger.
Repeat it in same manner for each finger of each hand. Massaging of fingers enhances blood flow and stimulates the finger muscles. Alternatively, if finger massage does not seem to be performed effectively, consider going for professional finger massage to get the real benefits.
Reduce Salt Intake
Salt is the culprit for retention of body in the body and development of edema. By lowering the salt intake, one reduces the probability of fluid retention. In case, it seems difficult to go for bland foods, try adding seasonings to bring flavors to foods while limiting salt intake.
Use Compression Gloves
Another option is to make use of compression gloves that put pressure over fingers and prevent any retention of fluids in fingers and avoid development of swollen and painful fingers.