Rheumatoid arthritis can affect tissues and body organs but it normally attacks the movable joints in the people. The order involves the inflammation of the capsule around any movable joint in the body. Rheumatoid arthritis also cause the excessive swelling of synovial cells in the synovial joints, excessive production of synovial fluid in a joint or the growth of fibrous tissues in the joint.
In severe cases, articular cartilages and fusions of joints get completely destroyed. The illness may also be manifested by the inflammation of the lungs and pericardial membrane of the heart.
Treatment for Rheumatoid arthritis
The illness is very painful and those suffering from it have to seek for the treatment on the onset of the symptoms. Rheumatoid arthritis treatment basically involves treating the symptoms in order to stop or slow the symptoms. Treatment mainly involves damage and pain reduction.
In rheumatoid arthritis treatment medication can be used by the patients to elevate the inflammation in the synovial joints and on the tissues or the organ affected. This helps in preventing damages in the joint and affected organs. There are various medications available for Rheumatoid arthritis treatment. Non- steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen helps to ease the pain in the affected areas of the body and they also help to reduce the inflammation.
There is also disease modifying anti-rheumatic medication that protects the unaffected tissues around the affected region as well as other body organ from infection. The drugs are formulated to significantly slow down the progression of disease. Some of the drugs available in this category are methotrexate and minocycline among many others. There are also drugs like azathioprine that acts as immune-suppressants and boost the immunity system in the patients. The medications may have some side effects in the users.
Rheumatoid arthritis patients should incorporate therapy as for a patient under medication. Therapy is important for the patients to exercise their affected joints.
Flexibility slows the progress of the illness in the synovial joints since it lowers the chances of damage on the synovial cells. Therapist can advise a patient on the most effective exercises depending on the joints affected. They may also provide assistance gadgets that may alleviate the pain in the joints that are adversely affected.
Surgery is an option in Rheumatoid arthritis treatment. If a joint gets severely damaged despite long term medication and regular therapy, a patient may opt for surgery for total replacement of joints. The surgeon during the surgery removes the part of the joint that is destroyed and replaces it with a plastic and metal prosthesis part. Surgery can also be done to repair affected tendon joints around a synovial joint.
Joint fusion is the last option if repair or replacement options are cancelled out. It involves the surgeon operating on the joints to prevent further damage and to relieve pain when the joint is removed.
After the various surgeries, the patient should attend the therapy sessions to exercise the joints.
People suffering from rheumatoid arthritis loses their appetite, hence the inadequate amount of nutrient supply leads to other disorders. Patients should undergo diet therapy that insures that adequate amount of calories and other nutrients are supplying in the patient. The overweight and obese patients affected with rheumatoid arthritis are advice to reduce weight so that inflamed joint may suffer less stress.
Several methods are available for Rheumatoid arthritis treatment, nowadays. Depending upon the condition and seriousness you can decide which option is best for you under the guidance of the doctor.