Osteoarthritis is commonly called as degenerative arthritis. This is a condition where the cartilage that cushions the bones deteriorates. The cartilage is the cushion that permits a friction free motion between the joints.
When this smooth tissue becomes hard, one faces the issue of degenerative arthritis. There are mainly two kinds of osteoarthritis, the primary osteoarthritis and secondary osteoarthritis. In this article you will get to know about the causes of both primary as well as secondary osteoarthritis.
Causes Of Primary Osteoarthritis or Degenerative Arthritis
This is the main and a common cause for primary osteoarthritis. As one grows older the water content in the cartilage begins to rise, thereby reducing the protein content in the cartilage. The recurrent use of the cartilage causes the injury, which leads to inflammation as well as pain in the joints. In due course, the cartilage begins to form flakes or small crevasses leading to deterioration of the cartilage.
The slippery and smooth cartilage under this condition becomes rough and causes a lot of pain and friction in the joints. In acute cases the cartilage will be gone completely; there would be absolutely no cushion between the bones and this reduces the mobility of the joints.
This is another cause of primary osteoarthritis. It can be a genetic disorder and can be noticed among the family members. However, this cause is quite rare and not common.
Causes of Secondary Osteoarthritis
This is the most common cause of secondary osteoarthritis. The increased weight automatically tends to increase the stress on the cartilage, thereby augmenting the chance of getting osteoarthritis. Next to ageing it is obesity that causes osteoarthritis. Obese people can notice the signs of osteoarthritis in the knees.
This is another cause of osteoarthritis. When repeated as well as excessive stress is given to the joints, bones, ligaments and the cartilage, this condition may arise. Again it is around the knees one can notice the early signs. This is why most of the weight lifters, soccer players and long distance runners are prone to early osteoarthritis.
Crystal Deposit Formation
The formation of the crystal deposit will degenerate the cartilage slowly leading to osteoarthritis. In the gout it is crystals of the uric acid that cause the arthritis as against the psedogout where it is the crystals of calcium pyrophosphate that lead to such condition.
This is another kind of arthritis that will lead to osteoarthritis. This condition would lead to inflammation, which will eventually lead to damage of the cartilage and the joints, which is nothing but osteoarthritis.
Some people can have the issue of osteoarthritis since birth which will aggravate with time. This is commonly called as the congenital abnormality, which results in early wear and tear of the cartilage that will in due course lead to acute osteoarthritis. Mostly it is the joints in the hip that are affected when anyone has such problem since birth.
Hormonal imbalances and disorders, like sugar etcetera are another cause for osteoarthritis. So, if you have such problems, it is better to consult with the doctor immediately.