Scoliosis is a painful medical condition that affects the spine of a person. The spine of a person affected with Scoliosis appears like a C or S, unlike the other people who have a straight spine. In this condition, the spine tends to bend abnormally towards the side. In Scoliosis, any part of the spine can bend to the sides, which can range from mild to severe.
The main parts of the spine that are more vulnerable to bend towards either right or the left side include the chest or the lower back portion of the body. This problem may occur in both men and women, and even children. Many times, children do not require any treatment and often outgrow this problem with age but adults may need some serious treatments to manage different symptoms of this disease.
This problem develops usually during the puberty and cause several problems like pain, stiffness and inflammation. Scoliosis can be caused due to a number of factors including cerebral palsy and genetic connections, around 65% of the causes of this ailment are yet unknown. It is essential to understand the causes of this painful disease, as it helps ascertain the real cause of the problem. Sometimes, knowing the root cause also helps choose the best way of treating the disease.
Most Important Causes of Scoliosis
Neuromuscular conditions like cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy are some of the main causes of Scoliosis. These conditions tend to affect the muscles and nerves causing painful condition of Scoliosis.
It is considered that about 20% of this medical condition is led by different neuromuscular disorders. These problems prevent the spine from growing normally and may cause problems in walking with spine upright.
Genetic connections also play a very important role in the development of this medical condition. If you have any close family member with Scoliosis, then it increases the risks of you getting affected with this medical condition. However, genetics alone may not lead to Scoliosis, but it certainly makes you more vulnerable.
Injuries or Infections
Serious spinal injuries or infections of the spine may lead to Scoliosis over a period of time. Many times, in an accident or after spinal infection the spine gets affected and the curvature develops causing Scoliosis.
Scoliosis could also develop due to congenital reasons in which the baby is born with abnormally developed spine. Many times, due to some deficiency, the spine deformity may occur when the fetus begins to develop in the mother’s womb.
In addition to many other causes, you may also develop Scoliosis due to a bad posture. Many times, when you sit with a bad posture, your spine tends to take that curved shape and later begins to cause problems.
Scoliosis is also caused due to the chiari malformation. In Chiari malformation, the brain tissues protrude into the spinal canal. This occurs when the part of the skull develops smaller than normal and presses the brain, forcing it downwards.