Degenerative joint disease is also known as Osteoarthritis. It afflicts the joints and over a period of time increases in intensity and extent degrading the joints. This is why it is called “Degenerative”. The cartilage that reduces the friction between the joint bones and aides in their movement while skidding on each other is affected in this condition.
The common causes include hereditary and genetic factors, hormonal imbalance, diabetes, obesity, infection and inflammation of the joint. Treatment of this disease mainly include effective natural and medical management. Joint replacement is another surgical way of getting relief. In this segment we will discuss various symptoms of this medical condition.
Symptoms Of Degenerative Joint Disease
Pain And Tenderness
The first symptom of this condition is pain in the joint accompanied by considerable tenderness. The pain will usually occur in the joints of hands, hips, legs and in the knees. Most of the people who are in initial stages of this debilitating condition report pain in hands and knees.
These joints also happen to be involved in lifting objects and bearing weight. The pain may not have any relation with the amount of rest. This means that being inactive will not help you in fighting with the pain.
Stiffness And Deformation
Stiffness in the joint will make the movement difficult. You may also feel creaking of joints while trying to move them. The stiffness is particularly high after a significant period of rest like in the morning after sleeping. This is why most of the people suffering from this condition are advised to do some regular exercises under the supervision of a physiotherapist. Over a period of time, you may also notice the twisting of joints and change in their shape which is referred to deformation.
Swelling And Weakness
Swelling is yet another common symptom of degenerative joint disease. Your joints will have a puffy and cushion like physical appearance in cases of swelling.
It may even appear to be having a slight reddish or purple tinge to it. The swelling and pain due to constant inflammation may also make the muscles that cover or are around the joint fairly weak. This weakness may be experienced especially while lifting weights.
Osteoarthritis has the effect of lose of functionality of the joints. This may not necessarily happen with all joints or even at the same time. Some joints may show accelerated joint degeneration whereas some may seem significantly better in movement and flexibility. Simple tasks like walking, eating using your hands, handling light and simple objects like pen, spoon may also become pretty difficult over a period of time. The degeneration and loss of functionality is more amongst people who have a sedentary lifestyle. Advanced stages of this disease can also make a person bedridden.
Apart from painful joint, the extent of this condition is usually indicated when the person suffers from frequent and easily fracturing joints. Slight twist or even a forceful stamping of feet may lead to fracture in the joints.
In people suffering from obesity, cracking of bones in the lower extremities and hip region is pretty common. These fractures have nothing to do with the age of a person and a patient suffering form this condition may suffer from easy fractures even of he or she is of young age.