5 Major Causes Of Juvenile Dermatomyositis


Causes Of Juvenile Dermatomyositis

Juvenile Dermatomyositis is a chronic ailment which is characterized by the damage of muscles due to the inflammation of the blood vessels, underlying the muscles and skin. A rash around the eyes or knuckles of a child is one of the most vital symptoms of this ailment. It can develop in children between the age group of 5-10 years, irrespective of the ethnicity.

It is reported to hit more girls than boys. This disorder can greatly impact the daily life of your child and can also take a toll on the family as well. Since this disorder is considered to be a rare medical condition, it can be a difficult to cope with the situation, for both the child as well as the family. However, with the advancement in medical science, you can breathe a sigh of relief, as with proper treatment, doctors can help control the ailment.

The exact cause leading to this medical condition is still not known, but there are a number of factors such as the immune system and genetics that play a vital role in the development of Juvenile Dermatomyositis. It is important to understand the causes that may lead to this disorder, as it helps to know what may cause this chronic disorder. You may be able to help your child too, in coping with the acceptance factor, as it may come as a shock to you as well as the child who is suffering from this ailment.

Main Causes of Juvenile Dermatomyositis

Dysfunctional Immune System

Immune system is known to play a significant role in the development of Juvenile Dermatomyositis. The immune system is meant to protect us from various harmful foreign bodies, but in this disorder it fails to differentiate between the healthy cells and the foreign bodies. It itself attacks the muscles or the blood vessels, causing inflammation in different parts of the body.

Immune System


Genetics is one of the major causes of Juvenile Dermatomyositis. The child of the parents or immediate family members with Juvenile Dermatomyositis is considerably more at risk of developing this medical condition than of those kids who do not have this disorder running in their families.


Though, genetics is a very important factor that sometimes leads to this disorder, it may not be the sole reason for a child to develop this ailment. There may be several other conditions combined together to cause this disorder. Other factors that may cause this ailment include environmental triggers, dysfunctional immune system and infections.


Bacterial or viral infections can also cause Juvenile Dermatomyositis. In this disorder, the immune system of the body becomes weak, so the infections keep attacking the child. It is important to protect yourself from infections, which you can achieve by taking different medicines to strengthen the immune system.

Bacterial Infection

Sun Rays

The ultraviolet rays emitted through sun rays can also harm the body by causing the Juvenile Dermatomyositis. It tends to increase the chances of a child with genetic predispositions to develop this chronic ailment.

Sun Rays

Prolonged Illness

Prolonged illness and the drugs taken to cure it can be one of the main reasons for causing Juvenile Dermatomyositis. Many chronic diseases such as diabetes, arthritis, and cancer require people to take different strong medicines to control or cure the ailment. These medicines, over the years work adversely, causing Juvenile Dermatomyositis.

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