Juvenile arthritis, also known as the Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis is a group of disorders, which involves swelling of the joints, causing acute pain. Though, arthritis is believed to be a disease of the old, it can hit people of any age, including children younger than 16 years of age. Juvenile arthritis can greatly hinder the quality of life of your child, as it brings along a lot of pain and discomfort.
Based on the part of the body that is affected, depends how debilitating the situation can be for your child. Children love to play a lot, but with arthritis it may become difficult for your baby to participate so much in sports, as the pain will increase with exertion. There can be a lot of causes that can lead to Juvenile arthritis. Many studies suggest that the immune system and reaction to certain drugs are some of the major causes of arthritis in children.
Causes of Juvenile Arthritis
Juvenile arthritis is considered to be an autoimmune disorder, in which the immune system of the body attacks and tries to destroy the healthy tissues and cells. The immune system known to protect the body from infections, fails to differentiate between the foreign bodies, such virus or bacteria and the cells of the body that are required for a healthy well being.
This is one of the most common causes of Juvenile arthritis. In Juvenile arthritis, the synovial membrane, the lining of the joints gets enlarged, which causes extreme pain and tenderness, hindering the movement of the body. In this situation, the inflamed membranes of the joints release enzymes causes further damaging, by wearing away the bones and cartilages.
It causes extreme discomfort to a growing child. In many cases, this affects the areas of growth of different bones, and different bones may begin to grow at different rates. This may result in an abnormal growth of the bones in their shape and size, resulting in permanent difference between two legs of a child, where one leg may be shorter than the other leg forever.
Reaction to Medication
Reaction to different medications taken to cure a disease is one of the main causes of juvenile arthritis. Some of the medications such as non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, like ibuprofen are known to adversely affect a child. When these drugs are taken very frequently, it may lead to pain, bleeding, and irritation in the child’s stomach and intestine.
Genetic predispositions in a child’s body may also lead to Juvenile arthritis. The genes that a child receives from family members, especially parents, may mark the onset of arthritis in children when it is triggered by different other environmental factors.
Environmental factors such as ultraviolet rays from the sun or fluorescent bulbs, different types of bacteria and virus can lead to arthritis in a child. Many times, these factors are ignored and children get affected drastically, and suffer in pain with arthritis.
Sex hormones like estrogen are known to be one of the most potent causes of Juvenile arthritis. It is observed that this disorder affects more girls than boys, as girls have more production of estrogen in their bodies than boys. This association suggests that sex hormones also play a vital role in the development of Juvenile arthritis.