Our back is an extremely important part of our anatomy. It consists of spine and the back bone that basically provide support in standing, sittingand ensuring correct postures. Back is a part which is used by us in performing all daily activities including sleeping.
However, it has also been widely observed that many people suffer from backache and back injuries. In fact it is a very common issue and at times treatable and other times, it recurs after exertion. In this article we will discuss various types of back injuries that may cause considerable discomfort and pain.
Most Common Back Injuries
It is a condition of spine where the vertebra shifts in a way that it is not aligned naturally with the rest of the vertebrae. It might move forward or backward. This injury mostly causes lower back pain and numbness in the legs.
There are various types Spondylolisthesis, but it is the trauma one which is the result of an injury. Rest of all are associated with degeneration and defect in the formation of spine. A CT scan or an MRI are required for confirming this condition.
Sciatica is a type of nerve and this condition is caused by inflammation or compression of any one or more of the five spinal nerve roots. The common symptoms of this injury include lower back pain which may spread to thighs and buttocks, tingling sensation and numbness of the legs.
One may also experience pricking needles kind of sensation in the lower extremities. This condition may be a fallout of the herniated disc or compression of the spinal chord. Physiotherapy coupled with reasonable amount of rest balanced with activities is considered the best treatment of this condition until it does not go away with these conservative methods.
This is a medical condition in which outer shell of the vertebrae suffers a tear, through which the soft tissue that resides inside, bulges out. This is caused by stress on the back through lifting heavy stuff, falling and other back trauma.
In some people this condition may cause mild to no pain whereas in cases of severe bulge there might be excruciating pain which may not only inflict the back but spread to neck and inner shoulders as well. Physical examination, X-rays, Electromyogram and MRI are some of the techniques that are used for diagnosing this injury.
This condition occurs when there is an injury takes place at the roots of the nerve. This may cause severe neck and shoulder pain which may run through the arm. The pain worsens with specific activities like stretching the back, moving the neck etc. This condition is mainly caused by the stiffness of the vertebrae.
Usually this condition is associated with ageing and people over 50 have very high chances of developing it but as mentioned earlier an injury to the nerve may speed up the stiffening of the bones. The body may also react by forming bones between the successive vertebra to reduce the friction and compression between the two. This process worsens the stiffness.